Category Archives: Pediatric Foot and ankle

Common Childhood Foot Problems

los-angeles-foot-doctorMany times, the problems that children have with their feet are diagnosed structural development that kids will outgrow.

While that is sometimes true, it is not always the case.

When should you consult a doctor about your child’s feet? Keep reading!

Continue reading

Bunions In Kids

foot-doctors-california-los-angelesBunions are normally associated with adults, but juvenile bunions can also form.

The usual causes are the foot structure and gait (walk) that children inherit, which causes the big toe to lean inward, creating problems in alignment for several bones in the foot. Bunions can also be caused by trauma or injury.

To learn what you should do, keep reading!

Continue reading

Soccer Season and Your Child’s Feet

When kids head back to school, they also return to school sports, such as soccer. While soccer has less contact than football, children can still injure their feet.

How do you know when your child’s soccer injuries are minor or serious, and what can you do about them? Keep reading!

Continue reading

What Parents Need to Know About Pediatric Flatfoot

Most parents keep a watchful eye on their growing children, checking their development for any problems.

Pediatric flatfoot is a childhood foot condition that, if left untreated, can result in permanent deformity in adulthood.

Flatfoot deformity makes walking and exercise painful, increasing the risk of obesity.

For more info, keep reading!

Continue reading

Common Foot Problems in Children

Parents may worry about their child’s teeth, eyes, but most parents don’t give as much concern to their developing feet.

Foot pain and symptoms in children is not common due to the flexibility of their tissues, but kids can still experience foot pain.

We’re going to take a look at some of the common foot conditions in your child’s feet and what you can do!

Continue reading

Tips for Caring for Your Child’s Feet

Babies are born with only 22 bones in each foot, but by the age of five, they have 26.

Your baby’s feet are made of soft, flexible cartilage that converts to bone over time. Your baby’s feet can be vulnerable to injury. Here are some tips on caring for your child’s feet.

Continue reading

How to Tell If Your Child Has Bunions (And What to Do)

Does your child have juvenile bunions?  What exactly is a bunion? A bunion is a bump  at the base of the big toe – the joint that connects the toe to the foot.  The bump becomes enlarged and sticks out.

While bunions are most common among adult women, they also tend to occur among young teenagers, especially girls between the ages of 10-15.  Bunions can become progressively larger, to the point where wearing any type of shoe is painful. The pressure from the big toe could force the second toe out of alignment, sometimes overlapping the third toe.

What is the best treatment for bunions? Bunions, particularly those that affect teenagers, are most often managed by switching to shoes that fit properly and don’t compress the toes. A  foot and ankle specialist can give you information about proper shoe fit and the types of shoes that would work best for your child.

The following are some general rules to follow when selecting shoes for your teenager:

  • Judge the shoe by how it fits on your child’s foot, not based on the size of the shoe. Sizes vary among shoes styles and brands.
  • Select a shoe that conforms as nearly as possible to the shape of your child’s foot.
  • Have your child’s foot measured regularly and have both feet measured. The shoe you choose should fit the largest foot.
  • Have your child stand during the fitting process and check that there is adequate space (about 3/8 of an inch) for the longest toe at the end of each shoe.
  • Make sure the ball of your child’s foot fits well into the widest part (ball pocket) of the shoe.
  • Do not purchase shoes that feel too tight, expecting that they will stretch over time to fit.
  • Your child’s heel should fit comfortably in the shoe with a minimum amount of slippage.
  • Walk in the shoe to make sure it fits and feels right.
  • Stretching the areas that put pressure on your child’s toes can modify some shoes.
  • Your child’s foot specialist may recommend splints to reposition the big toe and orthotics (special shoe inserts shaped to your feet) to help relieve pain.
  • Your child should wear these shoes at all times, or else risk the bunions coming back.

Surgery is not recommended for teenagers with bunions unless your child experiences sever foot pain that limits everyday activities, and if that pain won’t subside with non-operative measures. There are a number of different types of surgical procedures used to treat bunions. To learn more please contact our foot pain specialist today. Please call 626-447-2184 or 310-551-1711 to speak to a foot and ankle specialist.


In-toe and Out-toe Walking in Children

If you’re a parent who has noticed that your young child seems to walk with their toes pointing inward, you may be concerned that this “in-toe” walking will affect them as they grow.

You may rest assured that most in-toe walking (and even “out-toe” walking) corrects itself in time.

Also known as walking “pigeon toed,” in-toe walking often is caused by what is known as a femoral ante version, in which the top of the child’s thigh bone (femur) has an inwards twist.

For some children, in-toe walking is caused by an inwards twist to their shin bone (tibia), called internal tibial torsion.

Finally, a very few children with in-toe walking do so because the shape of their feet curve and hook inwards. This is called metatarsus adductus.

You may notice that your in-toe walking child may trip a bit more than children who do not walk in-toe. Again, most children outgrow in-toe walking by the time their around ages 7-8.

If, by chance your child’s in-toe walking is caused by the top of the femur twisting inward (femoral anteversion) and the condition doesn’t correct itself as the child ages, you needn’t worry that your child will not be able to play in sports or be physically active. Some children have a severe twist to their femur (this is very rare) that can cause pain at their knees and hips when they become teenagers. You may think of an operation to correct it.

Most in-toe walking decreases as the child ages and special shoes, braces or splints generally are not necessary to correct the condition.

Naturally, if you have any concerns at all, a health care provider, particularly a podiatrist, will be happy to take a look at your child.

“Out-toe” walking is even less common in children. As with in-toe walking, out-toe walking may be caused by the upper thigh or shin twisting outward. If your child doesn’t walk out-toe and then starts doing so, you’ll need to have him or her see a health professional for x-rays of the “lateral hip view” so that the a “slip” of the hip can be ruled out.

The best treatment for out-toe, as well as in-toe? As with the child who walks in-toe, braces, special shoes, etc. are unnecessary. Simple walking is best and, as time passes, most all in-toe and out-toe walking self-corrects as the child grows.